Central to search targeting and SEO strategy is the choice of the right keywords. Marketers need to know the range of words and phrases that target customers enter into the search box when searching for their products or services. They should target a collection of keywords and phrases, including some that are more generic in nature, drawing a wider audience, and others that are more specific, to trigger conversion. These keywords then need to be weaved into content of relevant pages.
A large number of tools exist for discovering and prioritizing alternative keywords, including the Google Ads Keyword Planner that is discussed in the chapter Search Advertising. Though it is developed for advertising, the planner is well suited for discovering organic keywords.
Some of the popular tools for discovering and prioritizing keywords are listed here:
While these tools are useful aids, ultimately you need to rely on a deeper understanding of your markets to finalize the keywords and phrases that best target your customers, and search optimize your website.
The number of keywords that you need to target depends on the nature of your website, and its purpose. To target a large number of keywords, it is preferable to structure the site into multiple layers and pages, each page targeting a few keywords, specific to that page. This would also improve the navigation and readability of the site.
Choice of keywords must relate to the page’s role in context of the digital marketing funnel. As they progress from prospects, to visitors, leads and customers, users have differing information needs.
To attract prospects, one should consider short tail, generic keywords, as well as some long tail phrases. On the other hand, it is better to use mainly long tail keywords for leads and conversions.
The home page targets prospects with both short and long tail keywords.
The short tail keywords (e.g., ‘buy apartment’) are traffic generators yielding high search volume, but they also attract much higher level of competition. So, unless you are a market leader, the likelihood of attaining a high rank is low. Smaller firms will need to advertise to draw traffic from these keywords.
Pages nested deeper within the web structure, should mainly target long tail keywords (e.g., ‘The Crest condominium for sale’) that relate to specific product offerings.
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