Languages that enable the World Wide Web

The World Wide Web relies on the communication between web servers and browsers using the HTTP (Hyper Text Transfer Protocol) protocol. Web servers transmit text in the form of HTML, CSS, and/or JavaScript to browsers, which interpret these languages to render them into multimedia webpages.

HTML (HyperText Markup Language) is the language used for creating webpages and web applications. It describes the structure, appearance and contents of webpages, using tag labels for paragraphs, headings, tables and so on.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) is a style sheet language used for describing the presentation of a document written in a markup language such as HTML. It is used to specify attributes such as font, colour, alignment, margins, and more.

JavaScript is a dynamic programming language that may be used in HTML documents to provide dynamic interactivity on websites. For instance, developers often use JavaScript to code the sequence of events that occur when a user clicks a call-to-action button.

Higher-level programming languages such as PHP, Python, Java, and C++ supported by Integrated Development Environments (IDEs) are extensively used for website development. These languages offer more advanced functionalities, greater control, and the ability to interact with databases and other software systems, making them ideal for building complex websites and web applications.

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